Political Parties and Public Policy
An Analysis of Parties Programs
This paper that has been prepared by Dr. Hanan Abo Sekin, professor at National Center for Social and Criminal research seeks to answer a couple of questions related to the role of Egyptian Political Parties in public policy making process; it explores whether different party programs offer comprehensive visions that can be the basis for public policy making in different sectors including Education, Health, and Transportation, and how can those visions be applied?
The paper starts by exploring the concept of public policy and the phases of public policy making in general; it identifies the definition of public policy, its features, the involved actors in public policy making, and its phases starting with: (1) problem identification, (2) prioritizing, (3) developing alternatives, (4) decision making (choosing the appropriate alternative), (5) implementation, and ending with (6) Monitoring and Evaluation. It then seeks to explain why public policies would fail in some situations.
Secondly, the paper tries to identify the proper role for different political parties in different phases of public policy making whether in the creation and implementation, or in the monitoring and evaluation of different public policies.
Finally, the paper picks a handful of political parties to explore their stands and positions with regards to Education, Health, Social Security, and Transportation as expressed in their programs. It does not stop at the party programs but seeks to explore the tools of implementation provided in those programs. The political parties covered in the study include: Free Egyptians Party and Wafd Party (Liberal), Tagamoa’ and Tahalof Parties (Leftist), Mostakbal Watan Party (Unidentified), El-Noor Party (Islamist)
The paper concludes by asserting that most of the parties studied lack the implementation tools for the policies advocated in their programs, and that some of the party programs studied included contradictions and ambiguities when it comes to some sectors of the implementation of some policies.
To read the full paper in Arabic, click here.