The debate on women’s issues.. analysis of actors and conflicts in public policy making
This paper provides an analysis of women’s issues from the perspective of ideological discrepancies, as well as the analysis of conflicts arising in public policy making. During the last years in fact it seemed that women’s issues occupy a remarkable area of interest, in particular with the increasing challenges faced due to the political and social polarization, as well as the community mindset that does not recognize many women’s demands, undermines women’s skills and financial resources, and weakens the institutional structure capable of establishing an advanced status for women.
The analysis is here based on individual actors, Aida Seif – EdDawla and Leyla Sweif, and on various traditional actors who are representatives of religious institutions, the National Council for Women, and actors who have known historical experience in the women’s field. On top of that, there are new actors, representatives of new youth initiatives, who have been prominent, mainly on different social networks.
Ideological discrepancies recall various factors affecting social issues (as early marriage and divorce rates' increase, domestic violence, the depiction of women in the media, and all forms of violence against women), economic issues (as business management rights, property rights, labor rights and inheritance for women), legal issues (as the right to work, Personal Status Law, Social Security, the right to retirement, the rights of retained women and the reform of the Family Court), as well as political issues (as political participation, assuming leadership positions in the administrative apparatus of the state, women’s political empowerment and their representation in political life).
Public policy making conflicts
In this regard, the analysis is based on various actors, representatives of the three powers of the state (the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary) as well as representataives of the state's administrative apparatus, as well as those of religious institutions (like ElAzhar) and political parties (ElNour, ElWafd, the Social Democratic Party, ElWasat, and ElTagammu).
Moreover, it involves social movements, interest and pressure groups, international organizations, CSOs specialized in women’s issues, as well as a map of the actors in the media and in academic and research institutions. This approach evokes a bunch of issues such as political issues (the parliamentary quota for women, the assurance of women’s participation in the democratization process in Egypt, the depiction of women in the political rhetoric, and the rights of expat Egyptian women), legal issues (the Constitution depiction of women’s rights, and women’s domestic context in the articles of the Constitution), social issues (the eradication of women’s illiteracy, the integration of the concepts of human rights and women’s rights in the education curricula), and economic issues (materializing poverty alleviation among women).